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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2583\margr4192\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2583\margrsxn4192\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li199\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION : PATALIJ>UTRA  155}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li5\fi0\ri79\sb230\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 tnmetce. It regulated the sale of commodities, and \expndtw8 ecked the use of false weights and measures. Any-\expndtw0 >dy dealing in more than one article had to pay pro-\expndtw-2 >rtionately heavier taxes.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li5\fi238\ri77\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The fifth board supervised the manufacturers, who \expndtw9 ^re by law, under penalty of fine, prevented from \expndtw6 Lxing old and new articles together.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li2\fi235\ri89\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The sixth board enforced the payment of tithes on >ods sold. The evasion of this tax,' specially perhaps \expndtw2 the sum involved was considerable, was visited with \expndtw16 pital punishment. But honest default must have \expndtw4 en treated leniently.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi226\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 In their corporate capacity the municipal commis-\expndtw3 >ners were expected to manage the affairs of the city, \expndtw4 d to maintain temples, harbours, and other works of \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 ' \expndtw0 iblic utility.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li228\fi0\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw13\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Kautilya does not mention any of these boards.}\par {\pntext\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi0\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx187 \b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24  2\tab}\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi0\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx187 \f1\fs20{\*\pn\pnlvlbody\pndec\pnstart2\pnindent185\pnf1}\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 contemplates a \i Nagaraka \i0 or \i Nagaradhyaksa \i0 as Pre-\line \expndtw13 :t of the town, and under him were the \i Sthanikas}\par {\pntext\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx187 \b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24  3\tab}\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx187 \f1\fs20{\*\pn\pnlvlbody\pndec\pnstart2\pnindent185\pnf1}\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 {\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Gopas^ \i0 whose jurisdictions extended to one-fourth\line \expndtw3 d to a few families of the city respectively,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi0\ri0\sb298\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 italiputra}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li22\fi209\ri70\sb173\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 It may not be out of place here to give a brief scription of the Imperial metropolis. Palimbothra,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi106\ri91\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Megasthenes calls it, situated in the country of the \expndtw4\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 asians, was the "largest city in India/' being 9\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0  miles \expndtw11 3 \i stadia] \i0 long and about i| miles (fifteen \i stadia] \i0\expndtw7 oad.. It stood on the tongue of land formed between \expndtw3 e two rivers Erannoboas (Sone) and the Ganges. Its \expndtw8 fences were further strengthened by a surrounding \expndtw12 tch, over six hundred feet (six \i plethra) \i0 wide and \expndtw10 irty cubits deep. Another protection was the exter-1 wall, which had 570 towers and 64 gates. There \expndtw5 jst have been similar fortifications in other big cities}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li101\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 the empire.}\par }